Хламидиоз (chlamydia). Печать и оттиск Chlamydia is the most common sexually transmitted disease (STD), and it has direct effects on fertility if left untreated. For any couple that is considering children or actively trying to conceive, understanding the link between STDs and infertility is essential. To that end, here is an explanation of the dangers of chlamydia for fertility.

What is chlamydia?

Chlamydia is the most common STD that causes tissue damage and scarring. Recent research revealed that the bacterial infection is accelerated by the natural immune response. The scar tissue left behind can block your fallopian tube, a common cause of infertility.

Chlamydia is a bacteria (chlamydia trachomatis) that infects a cell. When the host cell detects the infection, it sends signals that instigate building of fibrotic scar tissue to block the bacteria. According to researchers, the host cell gets locked in an endless loop of sending signals to build scar tissue that exacerbate the infection’s effects, rapidly and dramatically.

How does the scar tissue create fallopian tube blockages?

The fallopian tube blockages are the result of the buildup of the scar tissue near the end of the tube closest to the ovary. When the blockage occurs here, it is referred to as distal tubal occlusion. That means the egg cannot make it down the fallopian tube where it can be fertilized. Doctors estimate that as many as three of four women who had a previous STD infection may suffer from blocked tubes as a result.

How do I know if I have a blocked tube?

Women with a history of STDs such as chlamydia always need to tell their doctors of their history, particularly if they have been trying to conceive without success for six months or longer. At that time, the doctor can use diagnostic tests to determine if a blocked fallopian tube is causing the problem. These tests include:

Hysterosalpingogram (HSG): A common X-ray test that uses a dye injected into the uterus, which then spills over into the tubes, to view an obstruction in the tubes.

Chromotubation: Much like the hysterosalpingogram, this test uses a dye in the uterus and fallopian tubes, but instead of an X-Ray uses laparoscopic surgery to see the blockages.

Sonohysterography: This test uses sonography to detect blockages or abnormalities in the reproductive organs.

Research continues to reveal a relationship between STDs and infertility. Women who are trying to conceive but have a history of chlamydia would be wise to tell their doctors sooner rather than later. New understanding of how the disease works shows that fallopian tube blockages are a common after-effect of the infection. Working with your doctor, however, can help you diagnose and treat your infertility and go on to start a family.

 Sources:

“New understanding of chlamydial disease.” Medical News Today. 06 Dec 2013. Web. 11 May 2015. http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/releases/269720.php

Rodriguez, Hethir. “Natural Therapies for Blocked Fallopian Tubes.” Natural Fertility Info. Web. 11 May 2015.  http://natural-fertility-info.com/blocked-fallopian-tubes